I think that modular design is a most accepted practice, but a dog-legs system is used in many publications, adopting one or the other depends on your particular needs.
• Page that looks organized.
• Regulate the use of space and facilitate the differentiation between stories.
• Been able to easily swap between stories.
• Avoid clashing headlines when you don't have enough pictures to separate them.
• Avoid editing stories to do copy fit, because you have a fix module to fill. (This works specially for text driven papers)
• Accommodate more text and less visuals.
4. Most of the designers in India are from non-design background. What should the new designers in this field must learn, experiment and gain experience?Karthikeyan, Deccan Herald,IndiaMiguel
:For me experience is as important as a formal career, but same as you have good and bad education, you can have good and bad experience.
My recommendations to grow as a visual journalist if you don have the possibility of a formal education are:
• Think like a reader. If you want to design for readers you must be a reader, when design pages read the story an try to represent it visually, Design is not about beautiful pages, is about pages that communicate, and this is beautiful.
• Look at what others are doing and develop a critic eye. dedicate at least 30 minutes every day just to review any publication available and analyze it, If it works, why works? If it not, why not? learn from this.
• Find good role models / mentors. If you like someone style, follow him, review his job and try to understand his way of thinking.
• Set high standards for your job. Every time you do something, put your best, do it with excellence, dedication and attention to detail, Don worry if nobody notice it, remember that this is for your own benefit.
• Every week, produce something that makes you feel proud. Choose a story with potential and do your best, after a year you are going to have more than 50 reasons to be proud.
• Look for challenges. If there is something you don't dominate, take is as a challenge, investigate about the topic, try different options, look for help, but learn how to do it, this will increase your skills.
• Learn from your mistakes. There is nothing wrong about making mistakes if you learn from them, always push the boundaries, who knows, you may discover something new and amazing during the process.
• Be curious and keep you surprise capacity. If something calls your attention, follow it and try to understand it, enjoy simple things.
• READ, READ, READ and if you have extra time READ. Consciously learn something new every day, from a book, blog or article, but keep learning.
• Take advantage of all the training available for free. The web is plenty of resources, now is more about making right choices.Few useful links (I am sure you know more):www.newsu.orgThis is a website sponsored by The Poynter Institute for Media Studies, register to have access to a lot of self-directed courses in many journalism topics, most of them for free.www.ted.orgTED is a small nonprofit devoted to Ideas Worth Spreading, there you can find conferences with innovative concepts from game changers.www.snd.orgThe Society of News Design, they have some nice interviews and articles.www.newseum.orgHere you can see and compare hundreds of front pages from newspapers of the world
Some Useful Blogs:
Create the habit of buying good design books. Do it based on your possibilities, other option. These are some books to start with, you can find them atwww.amazon.com
- Pure Design by Mario Garcia, I think Mario was giving this book for free at his blog, maybe still there
- Art Direction and Editorial Design by Yolanda Zappaterra
- The Education of a graphic Designer by Steven Heller
- The Education of an e-graphic designer by Steven Heller
- You can also buy the SND Best of News Design books at www.snd.org
3.Many Foreign design consultants had done redesign work in India recently.For example Mario Garcia had done redesign work on The Hindu,Hindustan Times.But most of the redesign work is not successful from the readers point of view.Whats your opinion of hiring a foreign designer for redesign when he has no idea about the cultural background.Mean while the inhouse redesign of the New Indian Express is a big success
For me, there is nothing wrong about hiring a design consultant to redesign your publication, I have very good friends that are design consultants and I participated in more than 50 redesigns while was working as one.
Some of the benefits of having a design consultant on your redesign project are:
• Consultants are recognized specialist on their field, When you hire them, all this knowledge and experience is at your service.
• He knows all the workflow and stages of this kind of projects.
• A consultant brings fresh ideas to the table and is aware of the latest design and communication trends.
• He can suggest “out of the box” approaches and solutions for problems that are similar in other projects.
• Because he is not part of the company structure, his advice is impartial and with no agenda apart from the success of the project.
• People within the publication is busy on the daily process and can’t devote enough time to a redesign project, Consultants can.
• If other expert are required for an specific problem, Consultants can find him.
In order to be successful on a redesign project, between other aspects you must consider:
• A successful redesign comes from the join work of the team on the paper who knows all about the dynamics in the publication and all the values and culture of the country and a consultant that applies his expertise on global trends, basics of design and innovation.
• A redesign is not a cosmetic change, it is a great opportunity to review the way we do things.
• Ideally any redesign process must start with a focus group and survey to detect:
- What our readers like in our publication and we must keep.
- What they don’t read and we can eliminate to save resources.
- What our non-readers like from our competitors that we need to incorporate to make them our readers.
• Create a Committee for the redesign project, a diverse team from all the areas of the paper and discuss the expected results of the project, this Committee must have a speaker that must be the authorized point of contact with the consultant and must be accountable to make decisions.
• With all this information, you must prepare a comprehensive brief on what your expectation on the redesign are, and discuss this with the consultant to hear what he suggests.
• When you hire a Consultant, look for someone with experience on the region, and brief him with all the information you consider relevant, including books, movies and interviews with people that can help him to understand the country and the publication.
• Another option is to hire a Consultant that will live in the country and work in the newsroom during the redesign process to understand the culture and stay there until the project is working. This takes between nine months and a year; this is a good practice that can guarantee a change in the culture of the newsroom.
Other option is to assign someone from the consultant team to stay during this time to follow up the project.
If after all, you decide to do the redesign in-house consider:
• To do the focus groups, create a team and define the expectations of the project.
• Prepare a calendar that includes all the milestones and specific revisions, don’t want to spend all your time doing changes.
• Remember that you must have just one point of contact for the project, the Committee can discuss as much as it is required but after coming with a decision, your point of contact must communicate the agreements.
• Dedicate a fix amount of time to the project every day, work in a private place, consider that is really easy to be distracted by the daily duties and been force to postpone the project.
• Keep a printed record of al the progress and decisions, people tend to forget what they approved and change their mind across the project.
• At certain point of the project will be good to have new focus groups to evaluate the reaction of the readers and do adjustments if they are required, this is a good chance to test some innovative ideas, some times we are more conservative that our readers. Take all the feedback into consideration, but do only the adjustments that add value to the product.
• Implementation and follow-up is a crucial part of the project, before launching the new design have all the templates ready and train all the newsroom in the new way to do things, produce at least a week of test issues to practice and to be sure that everything works, try to print at least one of this issues to test the colors and typography and do any required tweak.
• After the launching, work hard to maintain the new design and don’t allow people to go back to the old habits. After a couple of weeks do a new focus group to evaluate the readers response, Do adjustments only if something really strong is not working.
ON STORY BOARD
2.Could you please explain the importance of "story board"? Who all join together to put it up and how much time normally it takes?
I heard that some especially Americans follow Tim Harrower's maestro planning sheet for that.We have no structure. Please advice on this
Miguel: Having any kind of "story board" is a good idea, but this tool without proper planning is useless.
I believe that the planning process must start with a idea, from there, a team that involves anyone who can add value to the project, start a brainstorming session ( check this link for some brainstorming techniques:http://www.unc.edu/depts/wcweb/handouts/brainstorming.html#3 ).
Ones you are clear on the scope of the project, use your "story board" (you can create your own or use one that already exists) The Maestro Planning sheet proposed by Tim Harrower you suggested, is a good one.
Maestro Planning sheet model
Maestro Planning sheet
The time required to plan a story may be long at the beginning and people may feel that is a waste of time, but with continuos practice the time will reduces considerably and for sure will make your life easier and help you to produce better pages..The main advantages are:
1. It "Brings the future to the present" giving a clear idea of how the page and all it elements are going to look.
– The layout works?
– Reflects the spirit of the story?
– Are we covering all the angles?
2. Keeps a record of the Who, What and When (Who is doing What and When it must be raeady) of all the elements within the coverage.
– This means that all the team agrees on the content and compromises on getting all in time.
3. Defines the exact length of all the stories and support elements like boxes, figures quotes, etc.
– This avoids stress when all the elements are placed on the page and stories don't fit.
4. Defines in detail the visuals (pictures, illustrations and graphics) required for the coverage.
– This avoids stress when all the elements are placed on the page and they don't match with the content.
5. Allows all the team to work at the same time on their own.
– This saves lot of time and reduces the risk of having elements that don't work together.
– Because everything is defined in detail, is just matter of placing elements on the page as they are ready and there is no need to rework stories o redo graphics and illustrators.
STRUCTURE OF DESIGN TEAM
1.What is the ideal structure of a design team in a newspaper?
Miguel: I can tell you about the pattern I consider ideal, it is not written in stone and other may differ.
An ideal design department must have these expertise represented:
Designers (visual journalists